|A Desperate Set of Villains, The Convicts of the Marquis Cornwallis, Ireland to Botany Bay, 1796 by Barbara Hall.
Published in 2000 the book details all the convicts on board the Marquis Cornwallis and all the records that Barbara could find about them. Just a note on Australian sources: the New South Wales Government kept a check on their convicts by undertaking Convict "Musters", a form of census', to keep a record of who was where in the colony. These and other sources are available on a NSW Government site (http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/ - indexes and summaries only) and from commercial sites such as Ancestry (with scans of original documents where available).
MARMION, Patrick (1754- )
PLACE AND DATE OF TRIAL: Tried at the Assizes, Downpatrick, County Down in March 1795.
CHARGE AND SENTENCE:
Pat Marmion in May 1792 escaped, being under rule of transportation – but being retaken, having avowed himself to be the same person – ordered by the Court to be transported for seven years.
[Source: The Freeman's Journal, 4 Apr 1795]
He had originally been tried in April 1791 at the Assizes in Downpatrick, where he was presented as
… a vagabond by the Grand Jury, was found guilty thereon, and ordered for transportation, on failure of his procuring, before two magistrates, sufficient bail for his future good behaviour. This Marmion, it is said, was a kind of a Captain among the Defenders and commanded a party of them not less than 300 in number. He was indicted for burglary and for several felonies; but, it is thought his desperate name and dangerous connections deterred his prosecutors from appearing, in consequence of which he was acquitted, and he would have again got loose on the public, had not the Grand Jury presented him.
[Source: The Freeman's Journal, 19 Apr 1791]
PREVIOUS CHARGE: In July 1793 at the Assizes in Trim, County Meath:
… Pat Mornan [sic] (was) found guilty of assaulting John Cruise, at a Chapel, for the latter having prosecuted Defenders, sentenced to be Imprisoned 12 months.
[Source: The Freeman's Journal: 30 July 1793]
So the Marmion name became "Marmon" in most of the Australian records. As far as I can tell, until the arrival of a William Marmion and a Catherine Marmion in 1828, Patrick was the first Marmion to arrive in Australia. Therefore any record of a Marmion or Marmon from before then most likely relates to him or his family.
Just a bit of background into Australian history and records.
Early birth, marriage and death records can be difficult to find. They either didn't keep records at the time or they haven't survived. This is to be understandable in a new society with few rules apart from the law of the Governor. And catholic records may also be difficult given the Irish troubles that made, at times, catholic services to be banned.
The "Factory" referred to in the records was:
(from the web site http://www.parragirls.org.au/female-factory.php)
Parramatta Female Factory
Designed by emancipated convict, Francis Greenway the Female Factory was the destination of all unassigned convict women sent to the colony of New South Wales. It played an important role in the provision of medical care for the wider female population and was an assignment depot, refuge, workhouse, a marriage bureau, hospital and prison. This multiplicity of roles made it difficult to administer and it quickly evolved from a place of refuge to that of a prison.
The foundation stone was laid on 4 May 1818 by Governor Macquarie in the presence of builders, Mssrs. Watkins and Payten, Chief Engineer Major George Druitt and convict work gangs. Building work was completed in early 1821 and on the 30 January 1821 the first women convicts were transferred from the nearby Factory Above the Gaol.
In describing the Female Factory, Governor Macquarie wrote:
‘ A Large Commodious handsome stone built Barrack and Factory, three storeys high, with wings of one storey each for the accommodation and residence of 300 Female Convicts, with all the requisite Out-offices including Carding, Weaving and Loom Rooms, Work-shops, Stores for Wool, Flax, etc, etc….. ….for the Superintendent, and also a large kitchen garden for the use of the Female Convicts, and Bleaching Ground for Bleaching the Cloth and Linen Manufactured; the whole of the Building and said Grounds, consisting of about four acres, being enclosed with a high Stone Wall and Moat or Wet Ditch.’ Macquarie Letters 1822
Until 1826 women were distinguished as either the Merit Class or the Crime Class. This was refined to a Three class system with First class women eligible for assignment, a Second 'probationary' class and a Third class either on secondary punishment or serving time for offences committed while on assignment.
First and Second class women were employed in a range of tasks such as wool picking, cloth scouring, carding, weaving, laundry, oakum picking, needlework, cleaning duties and straw plaiting for which they received a small payment. Third class women were restricted to menial tasks and hard labour such as stone breaking and oakum picking.
BTW I'll keep the best to last and send John Marmion's record next!
Patrick Marmion's Wife (Common Law)
Catherine Evans b. c1778 Ireland. Trial Place: Dublin.
7 Oct 1792: Sailed 30 May 1791. Arrived in Sydney aboard the Royal Admiral. She is also listed on the Kitty which sailed from Portsmouth on 31 Mar 1791 but returned to Spithead for repairs before leaving on 6 Apr 1791. Was she then transferred to the Royal Admiral?
1798: Marmion lived with Catherine Evans from Dublin, who had probably arrived in the colony in 1792. In January 1799 she was accused by William Johnson the Executioner:
… with abusing, threatening and otherwise ill treating him. No defence being set up to the charge but that the prisoner was in a state of beastly intoxication, she was sentenced to wear an Iron Collar round her neck and to sweep the Gaol for one month. In case of default or disorderly behaviour during … she is to receive such correction by corporal punishment or otherwise as shall be deemed necessary.
She was released two days later, having been “forgiven” by His Excellency the Governor.
1806 Muster: Catherine Evans recorded in Marsden's Muster as a concubine with one male and three female children living with Patrick Harmond [sic].
1816 Muster: Catherine Evans, Oct 1792, Royal Admiral, Tried in London 1791
1817 Muster: Catherine Evans, Oct 1792, Royal Admiral, Tried in London 1791
1820 Muster: Catherine Evans, Oct 1792, Royal Admiral, Tried in London 1791
7 Nov 1820 Gaol Book: Catherine Evans, Royal Admiral, Wm Menchin Esq, One month in gaol
1821 Muster: Catherine Evans, Oct 1792, Royal Admiral, Tried in London 1791
1822 Muster: Catherine Evans, F by S [Free by Servitude], Royal Admiral, 7 years, Lodger at Ths Palimers, Sydney
11 Apr 1823 Gaol Book: Cathr Marmon, Royal Admiral, D'Wentworth Esu, an idle & disorderly charcater... a common prostitute, depraved character, she is a woman of depraved habits, 28 days factory
27 Aug 1823 Gaol Book: Catherine Evans, free, Royal Adm, rogue & vagabond, pest to society & police, Factory 3 months
23 Sep 1823 Goal Book: Catherine Evans, free, Royal Admiral, DW Esq, ... & vagabond, a prostitute, a pest to society & police Factory 3 months, 28th Aug
5 Jan 1824 Gaol Book: Cathe Marmon, Royal Admr, free, zealous disorderly & incorrigible chart. Frequently guilty of the like, 3 mths factory
1825 Muster: Catherine Marmon, fs, Ro Admiral, 1798, 7 years, Factory Parramatta
5 Aug 1826 Gaol Book: Catherine Evans, free, drunken & disorderly. To the factory, six weeks. 16 Aug Factory
16 May 1827 Gaol Book: Catherine Evans, free, stolen property of John Dulhunty Esq.
20 Jun 1827 Gaol Book: Catherine Marmon, free, common prostitute. To the 3rd class at the Factory, 3 months, June 25 Parramatta
4 Jan 1828 Gaol Book: Catherine Evans alias Mormon, free, common prostitute and …. to the police, 3rd class, 28 days
10 Jun 1828 Gaol Book: Cathe Marmon, free, Disorderly prostitute, 3rd class, 3 months, June 12, Parramatta
27 Oct 1828 Gaol Book: Catherine Marmon, free, Incorrigible vagrant, 3rd class, 2 months, Nov 5, Parramatta
30 Nov 1829 Gaol Book: Catherine Marman, free, Idle & disorderly, 3rd class, one month, Dec 1, Parramatta
No record of a death of Catherine has been located.
Elizabeth Marmion/Marmon b. c1804, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia f: Patrick Marmion m: Catherine Evans
About Elizabeth Marnon / Marmon or Martin
"In 1821 [John Joseph William Moleworth] Oxley became a father for the third time when Louisa, was born; she was christened at St Phillip?s CoE , Sydney on 21st March 1821, as Louisa Oxley. Louisa's mother is recorded as:- Elizabeth Marmon - on Louisa?s birth certificate Elizabeth Marnon - in the NSW Parliament Archives of past Parliamentarians E.Martin of Sydney - in the NSW Muster of 1822. Louisa is recorded along with John Oxley esq. and Mrs Oxley, as Louisa Oxley 1 1?2 years, daughter of E.Martin, Sydney. The Oxleys were recorded as residing at Liverpool. The only Elizabeth Martin recorded in the 1822 Muster, apart from the notation beside Louisa, was a 13 year old girl, not the mother of Louisa. No other birth, death or marriage is recorded in the NSW BDM index, in the name of Marmon or Marnon."
1824 Death: Louisa Oxley
26 Jan 1821 Gaol Book: Elizt Marmon, Native, S. Lord Esq., To be bro & wp and dealt with according to law.
25 May 1824 Gaol Book: Elzh Marmon, Free, Native, common prostitute, incorrigible, 3 calendar months at the house of correction to the factory, 25th May
1825 Muster: Elizabeth Marmon, 21, BC, Emp by Mr Turner, Sydney
1828 Muster: Elizth Marman, 21, BC, Needlewoman, Cumberland St, Sydney
6 Aug 1830 Goal Book: Elizabeth Marmon, free, common prostitute, 3rd class, one month
Dec 1831 Goal Book: Elizabeth Marmon, b. 1804, Native, 5' 4”, slender, sallow, brown hair, dark eyes
6 Oct 1834 Gaol Book: Elizabeth Marmon, BC, Sydney, catholic, servant, labour 7 days. Discharged, 13 Oct
26 Dec 1834 Gaol Book: Elizabeth Marmon, Factory 3 months
Ann Marmion/Marmon b. c1800, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia f: Patrick Marmion m: Catherine Evans
MARMON, Ann (Born in the Colony) see also MULVANY, Ann; TURNER, Ann
MARMON, Ann. Born in the Colony
1818 Jul 6,11
Re permission to marry John Mulvany at Sydney (Reel 6006; 4/3498 p.294)
21 Sep 1818 Marriage: John Mulvany m. Ann Marmon, St Phillips Church, Sydney
[Reg. No. V1818326 7/1818]
12 Jun 1820 Marriage: Thomas Turner/Ternouth m. Ann Mulvany, St Phillips Church, Sydney
[Reg. No. V182095 8/1820]
16 Jun 1821 Gaol Book: Ann Marmon, free, Native, D. Wentworth Esq., Factory one month hard labour.
8 Sep 1821 Gaol Book: Ann Marmon, Native, D. Wentworth Esq., C Court, On Bail? 24 Sep
27 Feb 1822 Gaol Book: Ann Marmon, free, Native, Judge Advocate, on bail, Cct, 13 Mar
1822 Mar 12
On list of prisoners committed for trial at the Court of Criminal Jurisdiction at Sydney on 25 Feb 1822 recommended to be discharged on the accession of Sir Thomas Brisbane; committed from Sydney (Reel 6016; 4/5781 p.216)
1823 Mar 13
Provost Marshal instructions to release; appears as Marmion (Reel 6054; 4/1757 p.123)
23 May 1823: Petition for mitigation of sentence of her husband Thomas, per “Atlas”, 1816 (Fiche 3236; 4/1870 pp84-5)
Frederick Goulburn Esqr
The Petition of Anne Turner
Most respectfully sheweth,
That Petitioner is a native of this Colony, and married to a man, a prisoner, at present in Government employ, and in Barracks, by whom she has two children, who, as well as herself, and her aged parents, persons formerly of some respectability in the Colony, are reduced to the greatest streights, in consequence of her husbands circumstances at present.
That your Petrs husband is a stone cutter by Trade, and able and willing to support his family if he had a proper opportunity afforded him of exerting his capabilities. He has moreover been seven years in Government employ, and had never been convicted before a magistrate of any crime or misdemeanor in the Colony.
May it therefore please your Honour to grant your Petr permission
to take him off the Stores, by paying weekly the sum usual on such occasions, for which, as in duty bound, she shall ever pray.
Sydney 23rd May 1823 Ann Turner
No further record of Ann yet to be located.
Margaret Marmion/Marmon b. c1805, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia f: Patrick Marmion m: Catherine Evans
MARMON, Margaret. Born in the Colony
1822 Muster: Margaret Marmon, BC, Factory, Parramatta
30 Aug 1822 Gaol Book: Margaret Marmon, Native, Factory 30 Days
1824 Sep 20
Prostitute; sentenced to the Factory for three months.
On return of fines and punishments in the Police Office (Reel 6023; 4/6671 p.91)
1825 Muster: Margaret Marmon, BC [born colony], with John Oxley and at the Female Factory, Parramatta
3 Nov 1825 The Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser (NSW: 1803-1842, Thursday 3 November 1825, page 3:
Margaret Marmon, free, appeared to answer a summons for an assault on the person of Jane Hurst. It appeared that besides the foul offence charged against her, she had committed a further assault on the complainant, although having received the summons, and declared that, whatever might be the result of the summons, she would have her own satisfaction before she appeared to it; and thereupon proceeded to action, and left some marks on her victim, which bore evident symptoms of hostility. The Bench committed the assailant to take her trial at the Quarter sessions.
17 Nov 1825 The Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser (NSW: 1803-1842, Thursday 17 November 1825, page 3:
Before Judge STEPHEN.
MONDAY, Nov. 14. -
Laurence Duggan, Margaret Marmon, Thomas O'Meara, and James Colt, against whom the Sessions Grand Jury had ignored bills of indictment, were this day brought before the Court, and discharged by Proclamation.
14 Jun 1826 The Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser (NSW: 1803-1842, Wednesday 14 June 1826, page 3:
Margaret Marmon and Harriet Palmer, free, who had been found in a state of intoxication, in the afternoon of yesterday, particularly the latter, who was so extremely overcome that she fell down repeatedly in the street; as it was established by evidence, that those two females were reputed prostitutes, and had on many occasions, and on various charges, been brought before the Police, and sentenced to the factory, the bench deemed it expedient to order them to be sent to the same place, there to remain at labour for the period of six weeks each.
2 Sep 1826 Gaol Book: Margt Marmon, free, t
|P a t r i c k M a r m i o n
of County Down N. Ireland & Australia
From the research of Bill Brown